This page provides you with an overview of APA format. Included is information about referencing, various citation formats with examples for each source type, and other helpful information. See more across the site.
Use an en dash, NOT a hyphen, for page ranges: No gaps between the page numbers and the en dash. How to add an en dash in Microsoft Word: Holding the Control key and type the minus sign on the small numeric keypad.
Use of square brackets If format, medium or description information is important for a resource to be retrieved or identified, use square brackets after the title to include this detail: You can count on me [Motion picture].
Reference examples One author a book chapter Easton, B. Does poverty affect health? One author, multiple works published in the same year Rush, E. Beyond the randomised controlled trial and BMI--evaluation of effectiveness of through-school nutrition and physical activity programmes.
Public Health Nutrition, 18 9— Body composition in offspring of New Zealand women: Ethnic and gender differences at age 1—3 years in — Annals Of Human Biology, 42 5— Two authors a journal article with doi Li, S.
Learning to do qualitative data analysis: An observational study of doctoral work. Qualitative Health Research, 17 10 Studies In Higher Education, 40 5— Survey of wearable multi-modal vital parameters measurement systems. Design methodology and selected applications. Go to the In-text citation page to learn how to do in-text citations.
Reference List example References Alred, G. International history of the twentieth century. How to write plain English. Retrieved April 12,from http: Retrieved June 4,from http: Qualitative Health Research, 17, — Name the author of the original work in your text, cite the secondary source in in-text citation: Models of reading aloud: Dual-route and parallel-distributed-processing approaches.
Psychological Review,— Give the secondary source in the reference list. All DOIs start with Doi in your reference list entry: Always use the DOI if available for print or online articles and books. No full stop at the end of a DOI. Improvement of writing skills during college: A multi-year cross-sectional and longitudinal study of undergraduate writing performance.
Assessing Writing, 32, 12— Finding a journal homepage URL: You could do a Google search for the journal title within double quotation markse.
On the journal record page, find the journal URL for your reference. Journals without a home page and no DOI:(Informally Published or Self-archived Work, Manual, p. ) Individual web page.
Since web pages and documents are similar to print, references to them include the same elements such as author, date, title, etc. Note that proper names and acronyms are capitalized.
APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page.
APA (American Psychological Association) style is most frequently used within the social sciences, in order to cite various sources. This APA Citation Guide, revised according to the 6th edition of the APA manual, provides the general format for in-text citations and the reference page.
Quick Orientation to APA APA Parenthetical Citation Create an APA Reference List Format a Paper Using APA Guidelines Format APA Headings for a Paper. APA style calls for a list of references instead of a bibliography or works cited page.
The requirements for a reference list is that all references cited in the text of a paper must be listed alphabetically by the first author's last name. The American Psychological Association (APA) is a scientific and professional organization that represents psychologists in the United States.
APA educates the public about psychology, behavioral science and mental health; promotes psychological science and practice; fosters the education and training of psychological scientists, .