Environmental impacts of tourism in the Caribbean Ecotourismnature tourismwildlife tourismand adventure tourism take place in environments such as rain forestshigh alpine, wildernesslakes and rivers, coastlines and marine environments, as well as rural villages and coastline resorts. Peoples' desire for more authentic and challenging experiences results in their destinations becoming more remote, to the few remaining pristine and natural environments left on the planet. The positive impact of this can be an increased awareness of environmental stewardship. There are direct and indirect impacts, immediate and long-term impacts, and there are impacts that are both proximal and distal to the tourist destination.
Environmental impacts of tourism in the Caribbean Ecotourismnature tourismwildlife tourismand adventure tourism take place in environments such as rain forestshigh alpine, wildernesslakes and rivers, coastlines and marine environments, as well as rural villages and coastline resorts.
The positive impact of this can be an increased awareness of environmental stewardship. There are direct and indirect impacts, immediate and long-term impacts, and there are impacts that are both proximal and distal to the tourist destination.
These impacts can be separated into three categories: Facility impacts[ edit ] Facility impacts occur when a regional area evolves from "exploration" to "involvement" and then into the "development" stage of the tourist area life cycle.
As the destination develops, more tourists seek out the experience. Their impacts increase accordingly.
The requirement for water for washing, waste disposaland drinking increases. Rivers can be Negative economic impact of tourism, excessively extracted, and polluted by the demands of tourists.
Noise pollution has the capacity to disturb wildlife and alter behavior, and light pollution can disrupt the feeding and reproductive behaviour of many creatures.
When power is supplied by diesel or gasoline generators there is additional noise and pollution. General waste and garbage are also a result of the facilities. As more tourists arrive there is an increase in food and beverages consumed, which in turn creates waste plastic and non-biodegradable products.
Tourist activities[ edit ] Turtle riding was a popular tourist activity in the s and s. These activities, such as hikingtrekkingkayakingbird watchingwildlife safarissurfingsnorkellingand scuba-diving all affect the local ecology.
Example of a Safari tour in Kenya There are a range of impacts from hiking, trekking, and camping that directly affect the activity area. The most obvious is the erosion and compaction of the trail itself. The daily use of the trail by hikers the trail wears the trail down and compacts it.
If there are any obstacles such as fallen trees or puddles of mud, then the trail becomes widened or informal trails are created to bypass the obstacle. There are similar impacts on campgrounds such as soil compaction, erosion and composition, loss of vegetation and foliage, plus the additional issues of campfires for cooking and warmth.
Informal trails are created around the campsite in order to collect firewood and water, and trees and saplings can be trampled, damaged, or cut-down for fuel. The heat of campfires may damage tree-root systems. As with most recreation activities, including hiking and camping, there will be waste generated, food scraps, and human waste.
This can cause human-wildlife interactions, such as the habituation of wildlife to human contact and unusual food sources. This can have a detrimental effect on the wildlife and pose dangers for the human. Provision for deposit, collection, and removal of all waste will also have a direct impact on the local environment.
Another activity that can have severe direct and indirect impacts on the environment is wildlife viewing. This happens in a range of formats, on land and in the ocean. Wildlife safaris in African countries such as KenyaBotswanaand Tanzania have been popular for many years.
Their focus are the big five game megafauna: As with every human-wildlife interaction, there is a change in the natural interaction of the species. The mere presence of humans can increase the heart rate and stress hormones of even the largest animal.
For example, baboons and hyenas have learnt to track tourist safari vehicles to lead them to cheetah kills, which they then steal. There is a small but significant number of tourists who pay considerable sums of money in order to trophy hunt lionsrhinoleopardsand even giraffes.
It has been argued that there is a positive and negative, direct and indirect, environmental impact caused by trophy hunting.
There is a continued discussion at federal and international government level as to the ethics of funding conservation efforts through hunting activities. There are many negative direct environmental impacts caused by recreational diving. The most apparent is the damage caused by poorly skilled divers standing on the reef itself or by accidentally hitting the fragile coral with their fins.
Other direct impacts include over-fishing for "marine curios", sedimentation, and in-fill. There are also indirect impacts such as shoreline construction of superstructure and infrastructure.
Environmental impact of transport Since there has been a steady yearly increase in the number of tourist arrivals worldwide of approximately 4. In there were 1. In it is estimated that 5 percent of global GHG emissions was attributable to air travel alone.
As more eco-tourists seek remote, pristine, undeveloped regions, and practise low-impact, " leave no trace " adventure vacations, their GHG contributions have increased exponentially.Negative economic impacts on tourism - 24 7 Vacations - Content ResultsTrain Schedules · Flight Tracker · Ferries · Check In.
Apr 25, · Tourism is one of the world's largest industries and biggest employers, with both positive and negative effects of inbound and outbound tourism felt on economic, environmental and social levels.
Positive and negative economic impacts of tourism There are both positive and negative effects on communities related to the economic impacts of tourism in their communities.   A positive impact can refer to the increase in jobs, a higher quality of life for locals, and an increase in wealth of an area.
the positive and negative effects of Tourism on the social-cultural environment of a country. How does Tourism Industry impact a country? The positive economic impact and environmental impact.
This paper also focuses on the importance economic impact studies and deliberates some of the major approaches to measure positive and negative economic impacts. Economic dependence of the local community on tourism Diversification in an economy is a sign of health, however if a country or region becomes dependent for its economic survival upon one industry, it can put major stress upon this industry as well as the people involved to perform well.